Enslaved African Americans continued a rich tradition of African parables, proverbs, and legends. The slavery categories exist to help with tracking the genealogy and family history of pre-Civil War era slaves. Step-by-Step Virginia Research, 1880-Present, Getting Started With African American Research, African American Freedmen's Bureau Records, Using Vital Statistics Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Civil War Research Guide - African - Americans, Afro-American Sources in Virginia. On November 10, 1977 almost a year after the airing of Roots, Alex Haley and LeVar Burton took a trip to Spotsylvania County to meet with county supervisors and the Waller family during the filming of the "Roots: A Second Look.". Haki Kweli Shakur August Third Collective NAPLA NAIM 3-6-52ADM. Only further research will tell. In the back of the park there is a . This is Tinpot Run Ford, and the old road from Culpeper approaches the river from the south (still there). United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850, United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1860, https://www.familysearch.org/en/wiki/index.php?title=Virginia,_Slave_Birth_Index_-_FamilySearch_Historical_Records&oldid=5197517, FamilySearch Historical Records Published Collections, FamilySearch Historical Records Image Visibility Notice. A historical society in Virginia, where slavery began in the American colonies in 1619, has discovered the identities of 3,200 slaves from unpublished private documents . 1867 map of spotsylvania co. by michler. Eric Mink uncovered Hesters story here. Anthony Armistead. (VMHCMss4 Up653 b 25), Banjo, about 18501875. Spotsylvania County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1822. (this book has a wealth of info on slaves - since many of the people listed were freed in wills - details of emancipation are there as well as detailed physical descriptions) Her decision resided in her confidence in the Union armys ability to gain ultimate victory. Unincorporated communities in the county include: Many areas of the county have Fredericksburg addresses. Title Owners People GeoCoord NRHP Ref Number; Aberdeen Plantation: Thomas Cocke : John P. Cocke, Edmund Ruffin: 371335N 770843W : 01001569 Part one can be found here, and part two is here.  Its county seat is Spotsylvania Courthouse. Margaret (Ballard) Waite abt 1771 Spotsylvania, Virginia - 16 Jun 1830. On Sundays, enslaved individuals tended to their own gardens and livestock provided by their enslavers, practiced religion, and engaged with family and friends. Defenders of the institution blamed Yankee influence and what they believed was the violent character of Black people. Fitzhugh successfully petitioned the state of Virginia for compensation for his lost slaves, and was rewarded with $1400 for his lost investment. [First, a prelude: In light of the topic of this post, a couple of reminders about this weekends To Freedom event. The ford road comes out of the river on the north side and is still quite evident where it [crossses] the river into Fauquier. Sectionalist tension heightened as southerners feared additional violence. On March 19, 1866 Col. Orlando Brown, the assistant commissioner in Virginia of what is commonly called the Freedmans Bureau, ordered that a register be created of the names of freedmen cohabitating together as man and wife. The register contains not only the surnames of each individual, but also the names of the former masters of each. He tried to recruit slaves from Orange, Spotsylvania, and Louisa counties to meet at his home Barcode numbers: 1171306, 1171308, 1171309 Library of Virginia The Library of Virginia 800 East Broad Street Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000 . This post will mean a good deal more to you if you read our posts on this image, here and heresome of the most popular posts we have done. The incredible power of a place named Cow Ford, A famous site today: slaves crossing the Rappahannock, The exodus begins: John Washingtons greatest journey, A Previously Unidentified, Panoramic Photograph of the Fredericksburg Battlefield, c. February or March 1863, Here he lays far from home and kindred Assistant Surgeon Neil K. Gunn of Nova Scotia, If these signatures could talk Innis House Graffiti, A Rarely Seen Panorama of Fredericksburg, and the Pictorial Legacy of Henri Lovie, Central Rappahannock Regional Library's History Blog, Rappahannock Valley Civil War Round Table, Fredericksburg Area Museum and Cultural Center, Fredericksburg Research Resources, by UMW Professor Gary Stanton. View more articles from The. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. He was killed on the first day of fighting. The court later declared that The public enemy have carried off two thirds of the available blacks labor of the county, and that by 1864 half of the countys lands were no longer in cultivation. They rose to a high of about $1,250 during the cotton boom of the late 1830s, fell to below half that level in the 1840s, and rose to about $1,450 in the late 1850s. Is this the most important Civil War-era building in the Fredericksburg region? Abigale F. Negroe 4 p.343 Fauquier County. Trained craftspeople worked in skilled trades such as coopering, blacksmithing, and carpentry. . He built a cabin in 1830, the first in Adams Township. Germanna was the seat of Spotsylvania County from 1720 to 1732. Easy to do? . Last Updated: Aug 24, 2022 11:44 AM; URL: https://lva-virginia.libguides.com . Profiles are placed in this category with this text [[Category:Spotsylvania County, Virginia, Slave Owners]] . Artist Tom W. Freeman, SM&S Naval Prints, recently created the only known rendering of a Fredericksburg landscape during the War of 1812 era. Due to a planned power outage on Friday, 1/14, between 8am-1pm PST, some services may be impacted. Gabriel was a literate enslaved blacksmith hired out to work in Richmond by his enslaver, Thomas Prosser of Henrico County. Our friend Clark B. I could not begin to express my new born hopes for I feltlike I Was certain of My freedom now. This program is being sponsored by Eastern National. Most engaged in day-to-day resistancebreaking equipment, stealing foodstuffs, slowing the work-pace. These tensions prompted the 1816 creation of the American Colonization Society, devoted to removing free Black Americans to Africa. Travelers to Virginia were appalled by the system of slavery they saw practiced there. Smithfield in Va-ditto-frees slave called Peggy a girl abt 14-7 Oct 1805 . Constructed ca. The University of Mary Washington located in neighboring Fredericksburg, Virginia, is a four-year university and graduate school that also serves the area. George Ballard 1758 Spotsylvania, Virginia - 1828. These collections may have additional materials to help you with your research. His will was probated there on 25 July 1810. It accounted for the saleand resulting destruction of families and social networksof as many as two million Black people from Richmond to the Deep South, where the cotton industry provided a market for enslaved labor. They also helped preserve African traditions through music, funeral customs, and call-and-response forms of worship. Spotsylvania County. 2008 - 2022 INTERESTING.COM, INC. The management of an enslaved workforce was a frequent topic of debate among slaveholders. IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. by county. The event sent shockwaves throughout the nation and deepened the divide over slavery. In 1861, they formed the new state of West Virginia rather than join the Confederacy. Bud Hall, an indefatigable and unconquerable preservationist and maven of all things Civil War Culpeper (he is the only one of the Virginia crowd of preservationists to have his picture on the front of a national magazine, so far as I know), recently managed to visit the site and kindly share with us this image of the site today. In his final act as a slave, he did so again. We spent a fair amount of time at the Farmers Bank Building at the corner of Princess Anne and George Streets. Due to a planned power outage on Friday, 1/14, between 8am-1pm PST, some services may be impacted. It is believed that his wife smuggled a saw in the hem of her skirt into the jail. Change), You are commenting using your Facebook account. It is not clear if all of the above slaves were sold off the plantation or remained there. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. They lived at Greenfield Plantation. View more articles from The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.View this article on JSTOR.View this article's JSTOR metadata. Germanna Community College is part of the Virginia Community College System and serves the City of Fredericksburg, and the counties of Stafford, Spotsylvania, Orange, Culpeper, and King George. Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Preserving their stories. Males were valued 10 to 20 percent more than females; at age ten, children's prices were about half that of a prime male field hand. Daughter of Spencer and Elizabeth Garland Goodwin Coleman, who were married on 19 May of 1787. Also Thomas Wright was given a grant of 400 acres joining on Joseph Bloodworth beginning and extending near Summerduck Run 28 September 1728 Spotsylvania County. The Board of Supervisors sets county policies, adopts ordinances, appropriates funds, approves land rezoning and special exceptions to the zoning ordinance, and carries out other responsibilities set forth by the county code. Born in 1800 in Spotsylvania County, near Fredericksburg, Ballard started working as a long-distance slave trader in the early 1820s. Loundon Co. Duncan, Patricia B. Abstracts of Loudoun County Virginia Register of Free Negroes 1844-1861.Willow Bend Books, Westminster Maryland, 2000. This post is the third in a series exploring the details of the murder of a Fredericksburg shopkeepers brother, attacked on the night of May 25, 1865, by soldiers of the Army of the Potomacs Sixth Corps on their way home from war. Take advantage of all the exciting benefits that membership offers including access to member-only publications. Categories: Virginia, Slave Owners | Spotsylvania County, Virginia, Slavery. Thomas Graves (1691 - after 1767) Thomas Graves was born in 1691 (based on a deposition, Caroline O.B. A Guide to the Orange County (Va.) Copies of Court Records with African-American names, 1796-1883 . The original collection consists of five sections: Some years are missing from the fifth set. Richmond,Virginia23220, Galleries, Store, & Caf daily 10:00 am-5:00 pm Pork and corn were the primary rations issued to those who were enslaved, but they were supplemented by plants and animals grown or raised or gathered from nearby rivers and fields. (LogOut/ Led by the radical abolitionist, John Brown, eighteen whites and five African Americans, seized the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia (now West Virginia) in October 1859. An educated man, George Boxley read and spoke often of the contradictions of the American constitution versus its use of slaves. The median age was 34 years. Later, the Ware family took over management of the Bank and its residential space. The central figures were cunning tricksters, often represented as tortoises, spiders, or rabbits, who defeated more powerful enemies through wit and guile, not power and authority. Sharing my adventures. Helpful Links. The will abstract names his children and states: " wife Ann, slaves and land on which I now live, during her life, afterwards to be sold and divided among the following persons: Elijah Eastis, Richard Eastis, Moses Eastis, Fielding Eastis, Nancy Eastis; son Thomas Eastis and Hannah his wife; son John Eastis and Ann his wife; son Samuel Eastis; daughter Sarah Hart. Turners revolt also prompted Virginias General Assembly to debate the fate of slavery in its 18311832 session. The war resulted in widespread disruption and opportunity: some 10,000 African-American slaves left area plantations and city households to cross the Rappahannock River, reaching the Union lines and gaining freedom. They had 10 children, with 6 reaching adulthood: Richard, George, Edward, Ann, Ellen, and Janet. On a winter evening in March 1814, two run-away slaves arrived unannounced and unexpectedly at the Spotsylvania County home of George Boxley. They were the parents of at least 2 sons. Whole estate to be kept together until youngest child comes of age. Baptist and Methodist ministers preached hope and redemption to enslaved people who fashioned Christian gospels into a communal music of spirituals about salvation, deliverance, and resistance. Daughter of Spencer and Elizabeth Garland Goodwin Coleman, who were married on 19 May of 1787. I spoke, as did the indomitable Bud Hall, and Dr. Dianne Swann-Wright (she was the keynote, and rightly so). His is an important voiceone of two complete memoirs from a Fredericksburg slave, and by far the best. She married James Higgins 1754 Caroline Co, VA - 1825 Montgomery Co, KY. 1810 Census Montgomery Co KY [James Higgins] 6 Slaves, Historic log dating project a Greenfield Plantation. Births, 1853-1896, unnumbered volumes grouped by county and independent city. A., DeCosta, B. F., Johnston, H. P., Lamb, M. J., & Pond, N. G. (1887). web pages The growing number of free Black individuals in Virginiamore than 30,000 in 1810challenged the assumption that black skin equaled enslavement. Directory. One woman and child, 5 or 6 years old, brought $1,350. After the crew finished shooting for the day, Judge Nelson Waller and his wife, Frances . Certainly his abolitionist views were widely known, but there is no concrete evidence to document his having participated in the Underground Railroad. Language, music, cuisine, and architecture in the United States are all heavily influenced by African traditions and are part of a uniquely American culture. 38 15.23 N, 77 27.6 W. Marker is near Fredericksburg, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. 1820 Census Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania Co VA1 Free Colored Person:1 M under 141 Slave:1 F 26-44. "Slave Owners Spotsylvania County, 1783 (Continued)" is an article from The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 4. Imagine troop concentrations in southern Stafford County and on the heights just west of Fredericksburgand military movements from one towards the other. Local river connectionsPotomac as well as Rappahannockbrought vulnerability as well as economic opportunity. The attack occurred just a few yards from this location, down Commerce Street. The side entrance to the building leads to spacious and beautiful living quarters that were traditionally home of the banks cashier or head teller. (LogOut/ Our great thanks to Bud Hall for passing this image along. This exodus is commemorated by historical markers on both sides of the river.. This page has been accessed 1,457 times. Did the freemen choose these names when they became free or are these surnames that they carried before freedom came? Estate to be equally divided between my last children by my last wife and wife to have maintenance out of estate. A great number of the freemens names are the same as those of local white residents. Birth: Stevens, J. slaves in spotsylvania county, vawhat does bookkeeper mean? In this photo taken July 1862, Fredericksburg is visible across the Rappahannock River. Like countless camp servants serving the Army of the Potomac, Gallands background and future remain a mystery (but will hopefully manifest in enough detail for another post someday),and he held little to no status, perhaps a former slave escaping to freedom as contraband or a free man looking for work. Updated: Jan 18, 2023 / 10:57 AM EST. Dr. Brodie S. Herndon, a prominent Fredericksburg physician and reportedly the first American doctor to perform a cesarean section, also spent part of his youth in the Bank building. CALL: 804.340.1800 or 800.358.8701 Be the first one to, Slave Owners Spotsylvania County, 1783 (Continued), The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 4, https://archive.org/metadata/jstor-4241963, http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/4241963, JSTOR Early Journal Content, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Spotsylvania County Biography Bibliography, Genealogical Publishing Company and Clearfield Company), Tidewater Virginia Families: Generations Beyond, Shiloh Baptist Church (Old Site), Fredericksburg, U.S. Presbyterian Church Records, 1701-1970, Slave Inhabitants in Town of Fredericksburg, Slave Owners Spotsylvania County, 1783 (Continued), United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850, Virginia Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1900, Goldring/Woldenberg Institute of Southern Jewish Life), John J. Wright Educational & Cultural Center Museum, Virginia Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872, Histopolis Collaborative Genealogy & History), Cyndi's List of City of Fredericksburg links, Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet), Fredericksburg City County Public Records, Fredericksburg District Superior Court of Chancery Land causes and appeals, 1814-1823, 1825-1827, Index to 1666-1803 Spotsylvania patents (Placed), Superior Court of Law Land causes and appeals, RootsWeb City of Fredericksburg Message Board, Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services, 1841, List of Pensioners on the Roll January 1, 1883, 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, American Memory from the Library of Congress), Selected Civil War Photographs, 1861-1865, World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, City of Fredericksburg Public Records Links, Classic Buildings of Fredericksburg Metropolitan Area, Spotsylvania, Virginia County Records, 1721-1800, Virginia County Records, Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800, Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records, Fredericksburg, Virginia Newspaper Obituaries, Photographs, Postcards, Historical Images, University of Mary Washington (Fredericksburg, VA), Virginia Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007, Fredericksburg Regional Genealogical Society, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution). Yes, but I have in mind such scenes from the eighteen-teens, not the eighteen-sixties. Over the course of two days in late August 1831, he and his conspirators killed 58 white men, women, and children before government troops quelled the insurrection. Of his fathers 1,979 acres, known as The Grange, George was willed 170 acres and two slaves, Harry and Dafney, valued at $460. Religious meetingswhether secret gatherings in the woods or church congregationsbecame crucibles for collective activism. Legislators considered proposals for abolition, but ultimately decided to maintain slavery. Its likely that since the war, not a hundred people have been to the site for historical purposesand maybe not a dozen with knowledge of the sites association with the famous photograph. George Boxley, a native of Virginia, was born in 1780. Not waiting to find out his fate, George escaped the day after his familys visit. Richmond became the largest slave-trading center in the Upper South, and the slave trade was Virginias largest industry. From Hennessy: Update: On July 31, 2014, PNC Bank announced that the former National Bank Building on Princess Anne Street was up for sale, bringing its continuous use as a bank since 1820 into question (certainly no building in town has been subject to the same commercial use for as long). Home > USA > Virginia > Spotsylvania County. The volunteer organizations include The Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire Department, and The Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad.. (VMHC1994.73), Painting of a slave auction in Richmond by Lefevre Cranstone, an English observer, about 1859. Herndon was hailed a hero for helping to save more than 150 souls. Chances are, if you have spent much time here or on Fredericksburg Remembered, you have heard a bit about John Washington (see here). , Fire and rescue services in Spotsylvania County are provided by a combination of career and volunteer organizations. The ground I am standing on is the sandbar situated in the river you can see above. The local-regional category of military history includes everything from a battle near Potomac Creek between resident Potowomekes and Indian outsiders in the 1610s to the launching of a raid into Maryland by the Stafford Troop of Horse in 1675 to the numerous clashes of the Civil War in 1861-1865. This post, done originally in 2011, seems pertinent anew, so we post it again. Virginia Historical Society, 428 N Arthur Ashe Boulevard The Fredericksburg City Architectural Review Board (ARB) will hold a. supplementary meeting on Monday, September 26, 2022. He was the son of Abraham Estes II 1697-1759 and Anne Watkins 1696-1735. on the "Add your favorite Website(s) to this page" link. Local folklore holds that Boxley participated in the Underground Railroad by hiding runaway slaves in an excavated place beneath his cabin. Leslie Anderson Morales, editor; Ada Valaitis, assistant editor. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used. Search the history of over 778 billion This page and its subpages contain 476 links. Abraham, Robin, Cupid and the others were certainly not the last enslaved people to live and work at Chatham. They moved to Indiana, built a home on what he named Pioneer Hill and prospered. I am a parent . This is a category for those who held slaves in this county. Abraham (F.Negroe) 7 & 1 slave p.380 Fauquier County. At the outbreak of the Civil War, the family owned ten slaves, five males and five females, ranging in age from 7 to 39 years old. Susanna Michele Lee, now at North Carolina State University, examined and recorded these and other primary sources on behalf of the park. It was Good Friday. In that sense and others, it was an extraordinary morning. He built a school for his children and welcomed other pioneer families who were seeking a better life. Physician and druggist with his father James Carmichael. African Americans adapted Indigenous, European, and African food traditionssuch as deep-fat frying, gumbo, and fricasseeto feed their own families as well as those of their enslavers. For many of the Union soldiers stationed along the Rappahannock River, the summer occupation proved to be their first real exposure to the South and the institution of slavery. Slave Baptism Authorization, December 20, 1828. Ablinia 3 p.324 Richmond City. This page was last edited on 6 January 2023, at 21:27. John Chappell left Southampton, England, in 1635 for Warwick County, and was the sixth great-grandfather of Jacob Chappell, son of Job . Washington is the classic example of a slave who humored those in authority, always taking care that they thought him willing and compliant. Sophia Street from Shiloh Baptist Church (Old Site) to the middle crossing site below city dock, where hundreds, perhaps thousands of slaves crossed in 1862. Also, on Sunday at 1:30, I will be tracing a tour along the Trail to Freedom, from the Rappahannock to Aquia Landingincluding the site of John Washingtons crossing, described below. . General Stonewall Jackson was shot and mortally wounded by friendly fire in Spotsylvania County during the Battle of Chancellorsville. Virginia County Records, Spotsylvania County, 1721-1800 Being transcriptions, from the original files at the county court house, of wills, deeds, administrators' and guardians' bonds, marriage licenses, and lists of revolutionary pensioners (Source: FamilySearch) Virginia Land, Marriage, and Probate Records 1639-1850 (Source: Explore Ancestry . Lawson Barnett 15 Feb 1791 Fauquier, Virginia, United States - 12 Jul 1864. ** Spotsylvania County Court Order Book, April 4, 1864, Library of Virginia. Five raiders escaped, ten were killed, and nineincluding Brownwere captured and executed. Comfortable in his new life, George sought the job of Justice of the Peace in 1824, but he was publicly challenged about his past and forced to admit his actions to his neighbors and friends. Francis Cammock, 3 Gawin Corbin, 35 Mark Carrill, I Edward Collins, 7 Walter Chiles, 1 2 Richard Coleman, 7 Edward Coleman, 2 . He conveys to us what must have been the sentiments of thousands of others. Nat Turner, an enslaved preacher and self-proclaimed prophet, led the bloodiest slave revolt in U.S. history in Southampton County. "Slave Owners in 'Spotsylvania' County, 1783," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. If some of the matches are only coincidental, that lowers the number further yet. Will probated Oct 1826 Henry Co, KY. But for association with important events, people, and themes of American history, is there anyplace hereabouts with greater association with famous people, events, and major themes of American history than this? Herndon, VA, is named in his honor. Spotsylvania County, Virginia - Demographic Profile (NH = Non-Hispanic) Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020 White . "Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1810 Virginia Census, by Family Name . The land grants made through 1728 were in Spotsylvania County, the grant in 1735 to Zimmerman was in Orange County and the rest in Culpeper County, reflecting changing county lines. 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